Learning motivation
Psychologist Albert BANDURA believes that personal experience is the most important factor affecting their sense of self-efficacy. In General, successful experiences will enhance self-efficacy, repeated failure can reduce self-efficacy. So, how do you let children succeed in the learning process at all?

first of all, to set clear and appropriate goal orientation. Learning motivation on learning effect mainly on the learning objectives. United States famous education Psychology Home Ausubel think, students of learning motivation by three aspects of within drive force (need) by constitute: cognitive within drive force (to gets knowledge, and solution problem for target of achievements motivation), and self improve within drive force (through learning and get status and reputation of achievements motivation) and subsidiary within drive force (for get praised, and praised and learning of achievements motivation). A person's desire to learn more and more want others to praise and recognition, enhanced self-esteem, he targets related to the sex they want to be successful, its behavior, the greater the strength. Therefore, whether for access to knowledge, capacity, or in order to get a good position, reputation, clearly learning goal orientation, individual learning motivation high. A man without a learning goal, is the lack of progress in learning, initiative and consciousness, even get good grades, its success is also weak. However, different learning goal orientation, learning motivation impetus there is some difference, there will be some differences in academic achievement, this study confirmed that already. First, the acquisition of knowledge and the ability to target individuals care about is how much knowledge he learned in study, and access capabilities. When they are in trouble, and will keep trying to resolve. In this process, the motivation to further enhance their learning, academic achievement and improved the hard earned success would have had a more pleasant experience. Secondly, to obtain approval, good reputation, such as individual learning goals, were more likely to choose to avoid challenging learning contexts, in order to avoid failure or low grades. Especially the lower individual self attribution, when in trouble or fail, learning will be more negative. Therefore, clear and suitable learning goal orientation, helps to stimulate individual motivation to learn, strong success.

Secondly, you can "self competition". That compared with his past, know from their progress, changes, discovering their abilities, experience, strengthen their self confidence. If you are always compared with the outstanding student in the class and feel inferior to others, the more self-confidence than lower, especially the middle and lower levels of the students. Thirdly, created more chances of success for themselves, develop their expertise and potential to enhance efficacy. For example, language, mathematics grades are poor, but good at art, you can carry forward the art specialist staff, enhance self-confidence, promote efforts to overcome learning difficulties in language, Mathematics subjects.

However, the successes on the influence of self-efficacy are about individual attribution. Only when success is attributable, in their capacity, stability of the internal factors, individuals will have a high degree of self-efficacy; Similarly, only when the failure is attributed to their lack of capacity to this internal, stable factor, the individual will have low self-efficacy. All the success factor of luck, opportunities such as external, unstable factors do not affect the individual's sense of self-efficacy. In other words, individuals with high self-efficacy think you can try to change or control themselves, while individuals with low self-efficacy believe behavior is entirely under the control of the environment, they have nothing. Therefore, when in the attribution of success or failure, and attitude should be positive, objective to enhance self-efficacy, and maintain a sustained momentum.